Progressing Indonesia’s Agriculture 4.0 Through Research and Application Towards ASEAN Digitalization Initiatives in the Covid-19 Pandemic

ASEAN-CRN would like to share this technical paper and policy brief about systematic evidence evaluation study on agriculture 4.0 research and applications in Indonesia and their implications to the ASEAN Digitalization Agenda. This study is financed by the SEAMEO BIOTROP.

How does digital agriculture studies and application progress the embodiment of Indonesia’s agriculture 4.0 during the Covid-19 pandemic? How can the ASEAN Digitalization Initiatives be a baseline for achieving Indonesia’s Agriculture 4.0 during the pandemic?

Key messages:

  1. Digital agriculture research and its applications have long been introduced and limitedly developed in Indonesia in the form of smart farming, precision farming, and decision farming. With the pandemic and the New Normal era, its applications have been massively accelerated to be extended in Indonesia. The emerging technologies, which were studied and applied to disrupt Indonesia’s food and agriculture sector, include artificial intelligence (AI), internet of things (IoT), blockchain, smartphone, drone, GIS and GPS, robotics and automation.

  2. Most digital agriculture transformation research is disseminated in Java, Sumatera, Kalimatan, and Sulawesi where Java island is observed to produce the highest digital agriculture studies. Similar to the distribution map for digital technology transformation research, its applications are dominantly headquartered in Java island, especially in DKI Jakarta and West Java. In the view of applications, micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), startups, and industries have benefited the technologies as a means to survive in the midst of the pandemic.

  3. The Government of Indonesia (GoI) has enacted national strategies that pertain to digital transformation in the food and agriculture sector but there are very limited strategies, which accommodate and interlink the pandemic implications. The GoI has initiated the transformation earlier than the establishment of ASEAN Digital Transformation initiatives. These strategies and agendas at the regional level were made during the pandemic and one of the recovery measures to deal with the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.

  4. To date, regional “call for action” initiatives on agriculture digitisation and digitalisation are still limited although these initiatives have integrated national strategies and agendas from ASEAN Member States (AMSs), especially Indonesia. ASEAN agriculture 4.0 initiatives need to be more actualized to the ground supported with good management of project lifecycle to achieve the intended deliverables.

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